Calorie is a unit of energy in food. Each type of food (carbohydrates, proteins and fats) has its own unit of energy.
Protein contains 4 calories per gram
Carbohydrates contain 4 calories per gram
Fat contains 9 calories per gram
You can see that fat contains more than double the calories per weight. Yes, the assumption is that consuming fat, which contains more calories will cause more weight gain. But what is rarely factored into this equation is:
The HORMONE piece of the puzzle. Remember there are 6 fat burning hormones and 3 fat-storing hormones and each set is influenced by different foods.
Insulin is the most powerful “fat-making hormone”. It will convert food into fat easily. It is triggered by:
*Sugar Carbohydrates (including grain carbs, fruit juice and starch carbs (potato, rice and corn).
Interestingly, fats are neutral and are not triggered by any of the fat-storing hormones.
Growth Hormone (GH) is the most powerful “fat-burning hormone”. It will trigger the fat-burning process. It is triggered by:
*Protein (small amounts)
To understand this more, we need to look at the purpose of these 3 types of foods.
Protein: needed to repair and replace many body structures (muscles, tendons, collagen, hair, nails, hormones, etc.). We constantly need protein to replace the body tissue. So our body needs a certain amount of protein, and this is why only excess protein is converted to fat. We recommend 3-4 ounces.
Fat: needed to repair and replace many body structures (the outer walls of all cells, mini-structures inside our cells, our entire nervous system, our entire skin, our brain and our hormones). Interestingly, there is a diet called the Ketosis Diet in which the person lives exclusively on fats and oils. I
SIDE NOTE: You may then ask yourself, why then don’t we apply this diet for people?
Because long term, it can cause problems. All the fat coming off the body can clog the liver and create a fatty liver.
*Sugar Carbs (including grains, starches and sweet fruits).
*Vegetable Carbs (vegetables which do not turn into sugars easily).